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Gorillas represent a type of primates with out a tail. They are the most trekked apes in the whole world. In Africa, we have mountain and lowland Gorillas but mountain Gorillas are more liked than low land Gorillas. Some of the countries endowed with Gorillas include Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, and Angola among others.

 

As a rule, gorillas ‘mother’ their children very little. Experienced females in particular don’t concern themselves much with their offspring apart from carrying, nursing, grooming and protecting them.

In the first few months, a young gorilla is constantly in physical contact with its mother. At first the mother supports the baby with one hand, but even on its first day it can cling to her fur without help for a certain length of time.

Physical contact with the mother starts to decrease at the latest in the baby’s 4th or 5th month, when it starts to walk quadrupedally.

In general, gorilla babies are nursed for at least 2 years. At 4-6 months they start to put plant parts into their mouth and to bite on them. At 8 months they regularly ingest solid food. At approximately 3 years the mother is expected to give birth to another off spring then the first born become independent. In spite of this, mother and older offspring maintain a strong relationship.

From its first day of life, the baby is part of the group. Under the protection and control of the mother it slowly grows into the community. As soon as the mother permits the others to approach, they will look at the newborn baby, smell and touch it.

At latest when the young gorilla starts moving away from its mother, the other animals seize the opportunity to make contact with it. Like human beings, the adult gorillas will hold, carry and groom the infant, while young gorillas will try to play with them.

When female gorillas reach sexual maturity, they develop a hormone cycle similar to that of human females. Female mountain gorillas can ovulate for the first time when they are about 8 years old, but usually the first ovulation happens in their 10th year. Captive gorillas usually reach sexual maturity faster, sometimes in their 6th year. By comparison, girls of western industrialized countries reach sexual maturity at 12 years at the earliest.

They where no more refreshment at the adulthood stage, female gorillas usually leave the group they were born in and join a new family. In their choice of males, gorilla females can be quite particular: Usually they transfer to a new group several times before they settle down with a certain silverback male.

In male gorillas, puberty extends over several years. This is when a black back male turns into a silverback – the silvery back, the huge canines and the other secondary sexual characteristics develop. When exactly males reach sexual maturity has not yet been determined. In captivity, occasionally individuals just under 7 years old turn out to be fertile. At the stage of adulthood, young Gorillas decide to choose which Gorilla family to join. Interested in watching the mountain gorillas in their natural habitat, book a Rwanda gorilla trek with credible tour companies like African Jungle, Rwanda Gorilla Specialists and Gorilla Expeditions Limited to take you to Volcanoes National Park, a home to 10 groups of habituated mountain gorillas in Rwanda.

Transport refers to the movement of people or goods from one place to another. In tourism, transport plays the biggest role of moving tourists from one place to another to see attractions. With transport, tourists are able to move from place to place aiming at viewing a variety of attractions.

The common means of transport used in tourism include; Road transport, Railway transport, Water transport and Air transport. However, the road transport is commonly used due to the fact that it’s the cheapest and convenient.
Air transport is mostly used by tourists on tight schedule – this is commonly used by international travelers overseas. On the other hand, domestic tourists commonly use road transport.

Water transport involves the use of water vessel to transport tourist from one point to another. Boats, canoes, ferries, ship and so on are used to tour scenery, water loving birds and animals on water. Water transport can also be used for pleasure/ relaxation.rwandair

Water transport is cheaper than Air and road transport – hence lowering the total safari cost.
Road transport is move convenient – it can transport people and their goods to many corners of the world compared to the two.

Air transport is quicker- it saves time for the visitors on tight schedule. Visitors can tour many places with in a shorter period.

Air transport is executive – not easily attached by high way robbers as the case to road, railway and water transport.

Railway transport is the cheapest mean of transport though slow compared to Air, water and road transport.
Railway transport carries bulky goods – so tourists with big luggage can easily use it at a cheaper cost.
Road transport exposes tourist to many en route attractions like hills, water bodies, Mountains, birds, animals, and many more.

It is easy to get road vehicles (safari vehicles). Vehicles are easily got from the safari companies.
No complicated documents needed to use road transport as compared to Air transport and some times water and railway. No need to process passports and so on.

Water transport is not so much exposed to accidents like road transport.
No humps or bumps on water – sailing is smooth especially when water is calm – in other words, when no rapids or water falls.

Railway transport is not affected by traffic jam – the railway line is used by one rail at a time – in other words, railway transport is scheduled.

Air transport is the safest mean of transport and it can carry expensive goods from one place to another – it is not easy for the traveler to loss his or her luggage and in case of theft, the victimized are compensated.
The planes are fully insured compared to other means. Some road vehicles have no full insurance.

Air transport is a catalyst to tourism development of the country. In other words, tourism destination with easy access by air, or with a National Flag career will get more International tourists than a country with out national flag career or with limited access by air, for instance, Kenya and Rwanda receives many tourists compared to Uganda because of RwandAir, yet Uganda has no National flag career. An International tourist can easy book a Kenya or Rwanda safari holiday with easy due to availability of convenient flights to these destinations.

uganda-wildlifeAccording to by the Uganda Wildlife Authority research and marketing officer, the number of visiting Uganda’s tourist attractions has increased by 17.5% which is said to be the highest increase ever since the creation of Uganda Wildlife Authority two decades back.

These protected regions in the country incorporate national parks like Kidepo Valley National Park found in the north eastern park of country which was recorded by CNN among the main 10 national parks in Africa, Murchison Falls National Park in the northern Uganda, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Kibale Forest National Park well known for Chimps Tracking, Bwindi Forest for gorilla trekking among others.

The number of international tourist arrival began to increase from the solar eclipse event that attracted numerous visitors to Murchison Falls National Park a home to the big fives and a variety of other wildlife and other attractions like mountain gorillas in Bwindi Forest National Park where gorilla trekking in Uganda is approved by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), chimpanzee tracking in Kibale National Park, game drives / Wildlife watching, boat cruise, rhino tracking and other wildlife activities that attract thousands of tourists to Uganda making it one of best tourist destination in Africa. The tourist numbers increased from 182,149 in 2012 to 213,949 which amounts to 17.5% where foreigners contributed 43% of the visitors and the rest included Ugandans and East Africans.

leopard-eating-chimpanzeesA big population of rare and large chimpanzees has been found in war torn Africa. As per researchers, these uncommon chimps are said to be nourishing on leopards and big snails which is not like the usual chimpanzees that feeds on fruits. This mega culture was discovered in the heart of the Bili-Uele forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by researchers, who trekked several miles avoiding armed police and militia to get there.

Researchers were shocked to see this type of chimpanzees feeding on leopards and big African snails, whose shells they pound open on rocks. According to a primatologist, this is believed to be one of the few destinations left on Earth with a big continuous population of chimps with special customs and conduct across the vast area of 19,000sq. During day, males are seen their territory and mothers teach their young ones how use tools to eat swarming insects.

However other forest inhabitants including forest elephants, olive baboons, spotted hyena and red river and giant forest hogs, crested guinea fowl and aardvark but no human was interfered with making the place remain the untouched wild in Africa!

Rwanda has presented the combined second to fourth periodic report to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The committee commended Rwanda for the advancement as far as the periodic review is concerned.

The report described the country’s implementation of the provisions of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

The delegation of Rwanda consisted of representatives from the Permanent Mission of Rwanda to the United Nations Office at Geneva, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Justice.

Permanent Representative of Rwanda to the United Nations Office at Geneva Soline Nyirahabimana while introducing the report told the committee that the 1994 genocide had left Rwanda with no institutional framework.

Nyirahibimana said that Rwanda had made significant efforts to rebuild its social and cultural structures. Rwanda had ascended to many human rights treaties, and would shortly ratify the Optional Protocol to the Covenant.

Optional Protocols are meant to provide for procedures with regard to the treaty or address a substantive area related to the treaty. Optional Protocols to human rights treaties are treaties in their own right, and are open to signature, accession or ratification by countries who are party to the main treaty.

In the report to the committee it was shown that number of health centres had increased, as had the number of district hospitals and new categories of health services at the local level have also been provided.

On education it was Nyirahabimana said that barriers that prevented children from attaining primary education were being gradually broken down through ensuring free education. Rwanda has introduced free 12 years basic education.

Committee Experts asked many questions ranging from social and economic, to which the Rwandan delegation gave expansive answers.

However, Nyirahabimana said that where some answers were not found, such as on the statistics, it was a lesson learned for the State party.

She said that the questions asked would inspire the next report. Rwanda as a country was at the very beginning and it was determined to move forward quickly.

“The country looked forward to developing and uplifting the people. The Covenant covered a difficult set of rights to protect, as they required financing, budgets and structures. Rwanda did not lack the will to implement and promote the rights of the Covenant, instead it lacked the means,” she concluded.

Nicolaas Jan Schrijver, Committee Expert acting as Country Rapporteur for the report of Rwanda in the committee said that much had been done to answer the many and varied questions of the Committee, though he noted that some questions had still not been answered.

Committee Chairperson Zdzislaw Kedzia, said that the discussions had helped understand Rwanda’s approach.

“A lesson to be learned by the delegation was that the questions posed were quite specific and data and examples were needed. The assertion of the delegation that the next report would be delivered on time was most welcome,” he said

Uganda being a home to half of the world’s remaining population of mountain gorillas, gorilla tourism is developing at a very fast speed whereby, majority of the visitors to Uganda come for mountain gorilla tracking along side other activities like wildlife safaris, culture tours, chimpanzee tracking and mountain trekking among others. Gorilla tracking Uganda takes place in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, located in south western Uganda. Bwindi National park can be accessed from Kampala and the journey takes 8-10hrs drive, also from Kigali (Rwanda capital) through Katuna and Cyanika boarders and this takes 3-4hrs drive.

gorilla-trackingAccommodation in Bwindi National Park

Bwindi impenetrable National park has many accommodation lodges for all classes of travelers, ranging from camping, budget lodges to Mid range / deluxe and Luxury / Superior lodges. Before you book your lodge in Bwindi National park, you must first confirm the gorilla group you will be tracking by securing your gorilla permit from Uganda wildlife Authority. This is because different gorilla groups are located in different areas of the forest, for instance, we have gorilla groups in Buhoma area in the North of the Park, then Ruhija side and Rubuguri side in the South of the park.
There are different lodges found in different areas as below;

Gorilla groups and lodges in Bwindi National park

Buhoma area in the North.
Gorilla groups here include Mubare, Rushegura and Habinyanja. Lodges here include Gorilla Forest Camp, Silverback lodge, Buhoma Lodge, Gorilla resort, Mahogany springs lodge, Volcanoes Lodge, and Buhoma community rest camp among others.

In Ruhija area (Southern) we have gorilla families like Bitukura and Oruzogo among others. The lodges include Ruhija gorilla lodge, Gift of Nature lodge, Gorilla mist camp and others.

In Rubuguri / Rushaga side, we have Nkuringo gorilla group, Mishaya, Kahungye, Busingye and Nshongi among others. The lodges include Wagtail Eco safari camp, Gorilla safari lodge, Clouds gorilla lodge, Nkuringo gorilla camp and others.

There are also many accommodation lodges and hotels in nearby towns like Kabale and Kisoro in south western Uganda.
From the above information, you should choose a lodge depending on the gorilla permit you have.

For a life-time gorilla tracking adventure, you can choose to combine Uganda and Rwanda (2 gorilla treks). In Rwanda, Mountain gorilla tracking takes place in Volcanoes National Park and takes 3-4hrs drive from Bwindi Forest in Uganda to Volcanoes National Park. Book your trip through credible and reputable tour companies such as African Jungle Adventures Ltd, based in Uganda and Rwanda.